Bermuda Hundred Campaign in Chesterfield County, VA
Warebottom Church Battle Park
Ware Bottom Church Spring and Cemetery
Bermuda Hundred Campaign
Ware Bottom Spring
Ware Bottom Church Battle was the site of a fierce and intense battle between the Union and Confederate forces during the Bermuda Hundred Campaign. They shared a spring, commonly known as the Ware Bottom Spring (pictured above), used to replenish their water supplies and often exchanged goods such as tobacco with their adve saries. They also sharied stories from home, newspapers and tobacco. Afterwards, they woiuld resume shooting at one another. For a brief period, there was a peace among them at the "water hole".
The Warebottom Church Graveyard was destroyed by a bulldozer and was stopped only when the CHSV heard about it and responded. Many tombstones and gravesites were destroyed because of carelessness of the owner. The names of the those entombed here were scrambled.
Warebottom Church Battle Notes
After the battle, the Confederates constructed the Howlett Line, a series of strong defensive works from the James to the Appomattox River, trapping Butler's army on the Bermuda Hundred peninsula. The church stood for four weeks after the battle, until it was destroyed by Parker's Virginia Battery on the Howlett Line, who were harassed by Union sharpshooters inside the church. The cemetery was bullodozed late in the 20th Century by a careless property owner. Confederate gains at the Bermuda Hundred battles allowed Beauregard to send Brig. Gen. Robert Hoke's division to reinforce Lee's army at Cold Harbor, while Grant was reinforced with the Union Eighteenth Corps from Butler. In June, Grant's movement against Petersburg caused Beauregard to abandon the Bermuda Hundred line in order to help Lee defend that strategic city. For a short while, the Warebottom Church area once again lay behind Union lines.