Bermuda Hundred Village - CHSV

Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia
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Bermuda Hundred Village

Civil War
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign

Bermuda  Hundred was one of several settlements attacked by Pamunkey Chief  Opechancanough in 1622.  It is believed that John Rolfe died just prior to or during that attack. By 1691 Bermuda Hundred had grown into one of the primary tobacco ports on the James River. In 1781, during the  American Revolution, General Benedict Arnold used Bermuda Hundred as the site of his headquarters. In the late 1800's, the port was used as a steamship wharf catering to Atlantic Ocean passengers and cargo. It later became the terminus for the Bright Hope Railroad. This is the site where General Benjamin F. Butler launched his Bermuda Hundred  campaign. In May 1864, General Benjamin F. Butler, Commander of the Army  of the James landed with 40,000 Union Troops at this site.  He  forced  the Reverend John Strachan family from their home, destroyed the crops  and orchard around the house and set up his hospital, which became the  largest hospital in the known world.  He dug in for a long siege.

By  the end of World War I, the port at Bermuda Hundred began to see a  decline in traffic. By 1940 the post office had closed and ferry service  between Bermuda Hundred and Shirley Plantation had ceased. Today, Bermuda Hundred is a predominantly an African American village whose  residents can trace their roots back to the earliest days of the  settlement. The area is home to several large manufacturing facilities  and is the gateway to the Presquile National Wildlife Refuge. In 2006, the village of Bermuda Hundred was placed on the National Register of Historic Places and the Virginia Landmarks Register.

Discover  your Chesterfield ancestors and their rich history.  Our volunteers are  there to assist you if needed..  See our library page for more  information.  
Chesterfield County, VA Civil War Parks
Chesterfield County, VA contains 11 parks sites associated with the Civil War  and the Bermuda Hundred Campaign. Each of these sites has its own   unique story to tell. Collectively, these “links in a chain” tell the larger story of one of the most important military campaigns of the war  but seldom told.  Most historians have said little of what happen in  this county. It was the only Civil War Campaign fought entirely in one  county. The Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia has a  self-guided tour book with maps and detail stories of how the war was  fought here.  You can purchase a copy at the CHSV LIbrary located in the  historic Trinity Church in Chesterfield, VA.

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