Civil War Tours
Bermuda Hundred Campaign
Discover your Chesterfield ancestors and
their rich history. Our volunteers
are there to assist you if needed..
See our library page for more
information. See The New Film on
Discover your Chesterfield ancestors and their rich history. Our volunteers are there to assist you if needed.. See our library page for more information. See The New Film on the Library Committee
Chesterfield County Civil War Notables
After the start of
the war, Thomas O. Osborn became
the lieutenant colonel of the 39th Illinois
Infantry on October 11, 1861, and was
promoted to colonel the following year on
January 1. He led the regiment in several
campaigns and battles. His command saw
action in the 1862 Valley
Campaign against Confederate forces under Lt.
Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, participating
in the Battle of Port Republic on June 9.
From July until September 1863, Osborn took
part in Union operations against Charleston,
South Carolina, including attacks on Fort
Wagner and Fort Sumter. In 1864, Osborn
commanded the 1st Brigade, 1st Division of
the XXIV Corps of the Army of the James,
Osborn was badly wounded at the Battle of
Drewry's Bluff on May 14, 1864, when a
musket ball shattered his right elbow and
lodged in his arm. He stayed in the hospital
until September before being released for
duty. In December, he had recovered enough
to report for duty. However, he suffered
from ankylosis of the injured elbow for the
rest of his life.
During the Siege
of Petersburg in
1864 into 1865, Osborn led a brigade in the
XXIV Corps. He was brevetted to the rank
of brigadier general on March 10, 1865
Built in May 1864 and first named Fort Howlett, the battery was renamed after Colonel Olin M. Dantzler who was killed June 2, 1864 in an attempt to capture Fort Dutton. Leading the 22nd South Carolina Infantry Regiment the attack failed. Battery Dantzler, a Confederate battery, was constructed to stop Union naval forces from advancing up the James River. By January 1865, it was armed with two 10" columbiads, one 7" Brooke rifle and one 10" mortar. It was manned by the Johnston Artillery under Captain B.J. Epes. The battery was abandoned April 2, 1865.
Clarissa (Claraa) Harlowe Barton (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912) was an American nurse who founded the American Red Cross. She was a hospital nurse in the American Civil War, a teacher, and a patent clerk. Since nursing education was not then very formalized and she did not attend nursing school, she provided self-taught nursing care. Barton is noteworthy for doing humanitarian work and civil rights advocacy at a time before women had the right to vote. In 1864, she was appointed by Union General Benjamin Butler as the "lady in charge" of the hospitals at the front of the Army of the James. Among her more harrowing experiences was an incident in which a bullet tore through the sleeve of her dress without striking her and killed a man to whom she was tending. She was known as the "Florence Nightingale of America". She was also known as the "Angel of the Battlefield"
Help Save Chesterfield County's Rich History
C. 1879 Trinity Church - The old church sits in a stand of a few trees not quite visible from Krause Road but adjacent to Ironbridge Road where it is plainly noticeable. It offers an unobstructed view at that corner. Not so vacant any longer and no longer a huge storage shed for odds and ends, it serves a new purpose in its longevity of survival. It is alive with activity once again. Presently, the Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia is utilizing the building as its headquarters and library until historic Castlewood is renovated. Historic Castlewood, ca. 1817-1819, sits nearby to the church just across Krause Road and was once the parsonage for the Methodist.