Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia

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Bermuda Hundred Village

Bermuda Hundred Raod MarkerBermuda Hundred was one of several settlements attacked by Pamunkey Chief Opechancanough in 1622.  It is believed that John Rolfe died just prior to or during that attack. By 1691 Bermuda Hundred had grown into one of the primary tobacco ports on the James River. In 1781, during the American Revolution, General Benedict Arnold used Bermuda Hundred as the site of his headquarters. In the late 1800's, the port was used as a steamship wharf catering to Atlantic Ocean passengers and cargo. It later became the terminus for the Bright Hope Railroad...  

This is the site where General Benjamin F. Butler launched his Bermuda Hundred campaign. In May 1864, General Benjamin F. Butler, Commander of the Army of the James landed with 40,000 Union Troops at this site.  He  forced the Reverend John Strachan family from their home, destroyed the crops and orchard around the house and set up his hospital, which became the largest hospital in the known world.  He dug in for a long siege. 

By the end of World War I, the port at Bermuda Hundred began to see a decline in traffic. By 1940 the post office had closed and ferry service between Bermuda Hundred and Shirley Plantation had ceased.  Today, Bermuda Hundred is a predominantly an African American village whose residents can trace their roots back to the earliest days of the settlement. The area is home to several large manufacturing facilities and is the gateway to the Presquile National Wildlife Refuge. In 2006, the village of Bermuda Hundred was placed on the National Register of Historic Places and the Virginia Landmarks Register.

​"Battle Animations are in MP4 format".  Click here. Battle Animation (Bermuda Hundred Village)  Grant's PLan

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To help save historic Point of Rocks Civil War site, please donate.  
Bermuda Hundred  Campaign Battle Animations are available here.   Go here for Battle Animations


Chesterfield County contains 11 parks sites associated with the Civil War. Each of these sites has its own  unique story to tell. Collectively, these “links in a chain” tell the larger story of one of the most important military campaigns of the war but seldom told.  Click for a list of all Civil War roadside markers in Chesterfield.


Nurse Clara Barton

Clara BartonBarton was born on December 25, 1821, in Oxford, Massachusetts, the youngest of five children. She had her first experience in nursing while caring for her brother David and later became a teacher at age 18.  Barton’s life changed with the start of the Civil War. She quit her post in government and dedicated herself to bringing supplies to Union soldiers in need. She started by taking supplies to the men of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry housed in the unfinished Capitol building, some of whom had been her students and her peers growing up.  She was a nurse at Point of Rocks.  Barton collected relief articles including clothing, assorted foods, and supplies for sick and wounded soldiers, and appealed to the public to garner more donations. She also read to soldiers in the camps, wrote letters and prayed with them.

Reverend John Strachan

Re. John StrachanIn 1642, Abraham Wood established a trading post on the Point of Rocks in Chesterfield County, VA. Thomas Chamberlayne, Wood’s son-in-law, inherited the property which he later passed to the Stratton and Batte families. John Alexander Strachan, the son of Jane Stratton, built the existing house on the property in 1840. It as occupied bt Gen. Benjamin Butler iduring the Civil War.

Abraham Lincoln

Abraham LincolnThe best remembered visitor to General Grant's headquarters at City Point was President Abraham Lincoln. During his first visit between June 21 and June 23, 1864, the President was greeted enthusiastically, especially by the black soldiers of General William F. Smith's Eighteenth Corps, who had captured a portion of the original Confederate defense lines on June 15th. In February 1865, Vice-President Alexander Stephens, Assistant Secretary of War John Campbell, and Senator Robert Hunter of the Confederate Government came to City Point in an effort to negotiate a peaceful end to the war. Grant hosted the Southern emissaries at this headquarters then sent them through the lines to meet with President Lincoln and Secretary of State William Seward at Hampton Roads, Virginia. Negotiations ground to a halt when the Confederate delegation insisted on Southern independence as an indispensable provision for peace.

General U. S. Grant

Gen. U.S. GrantCommander of the Union Army, Grant was born Hiram Ulysses Grant on April 27, 1822, in Point Pleasant, Ohio, near the mouth of the Big Indian Creek at the Ohio River. His famous moniker, "U.S. Grant," came after he joined the military.

Point of Rocks

Point of Rocks is a 188-acre park that features a diverse natural area and a rich history. It contains the southern end of the Union position during the Bermuda Hundred Campaign of 1864. Remnants of Union earthworks can still be seen along the park road and trails. Point of Rocks Park is part of the Virginia Birding and Wildlife trail. Civil War Trails sign.