Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia

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Bermuda Hundred Campaign

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​"Battle Animations are in MP4 format".  Click here. Battle Animation (Bermuda Hundred Village)  Grant's PLan


To help save historic Point of Rocks Civil War site, please donate.  
Bermuda Hundred  Campaign Battle Animations are available here.   Go here for Battle Animations Chesterfield County contains 11 parks sites associated with the Civil War. Each of these sites has its own  unique story to tell. Collectively, these “links in a chain” tell the larger story of one of the most important military campaigns of the war but seldom told.  

           

Nurse Clara Barton

Clara BartonBarton was born on December 25, 1821, in Oxford, Massachusetts, the youngest of five children. She had her first experience in nursing while caring for her brother David and later became a teacher at age 18.  Barton’s life changed with the start of the Civil War. She quit her post in government and dedicated herself to bringing supplies to Union soldiers in need. She started by taking supplies to the men of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry housed in the unfinished Capitol building, some of whom had been her students and her peers growing up.  She was a nurse at Point of Rocks.  Barton collected relief articles including clothing, assorted foods, and supplies for sick and wounded soldiers, and appealed to the public to garner more donations. She also read to soldiers in the camps, wrote letters and prayed with them.

Reverend John Strachan

Re. John StrachanIn 1642, Abraham Wood established a trading post on the Point of Rocks in Chesterfield County, VA. Thomas Chamberlayne, Wood’s son-in-law, inherited the property which he later passed to the Stratton and Batte families. John Alexander Strachan, the son of Jane Stratton, built the existing house on the property in 1840. It as occupied bt Gen. Benjamin Butler iduring the Civil War.  It took years to get the property back in his family.

Abraham Lincoln

Abraham LincolnThe best remembered visitor to General Grant's headquarters at City Point was President Abraham Lincoln. During his first visit between June 21 and June 23, 1864, the President was greeted enthusiastically, especially by the black soldiers of General William F. Smith's Eighteenth Corps, who had captured a portion of the original Confederate defense lines on June 15th. In February 1865, Vice-President Alexander Stephens, Assistant Secretary of War John Campbell, and Senator Robert Hunter of the Confederate Government came to City Point in an effort to negotiate a peaceful end to the war. Grant hosted the Southern emissaries at this headquarters then sent them through the lines to meet with President Lincoln and Secretary of State William Seward at Hampton Roads, Virginia.

General U. S. Grant

Gen. U.S. GrantPolitics aside, Grant knew that he could not surrender any territory to the Confederates by evacuating the Virginia peninsula.  He determined that Butler would use his army to act independently and not be part of the Army of the Potomac.   He met with Butler at Fort Monroe on 1 April 1864 to discuss his plan. In his memoir, Grant writes that: "This was the first time I had ever met him. Before giving any order as to the part he was to play in the approaching campaign I invited his views. They were very much such as I intended to direct, and as I did direct in writing before leaving."  Grant was also well aware that Butler had little combat experience. He was better known for his tenure as military administrator in New Orleans where his infamous General Order No. 28 allowing women who displayed acts of defiance against the Union occupation to be treated as prostitutes infuriated the South and Europeans as well. He had to correct this problem.  He sent experience officers to reinforce Butler.

Robert Ransom and Thomas Osborne

General Ransome and OsborneGeneral Robert Ransom and Colonel Thomas Osborne were adversaries during the 2nd Battle of Drewry's Bluff.  Colonel Osborborne managed to lead his 39th Illinois out of a deadly trap and safely to the Union Lines.   Confederates forces under the command of P.T. Beauregard  under which included Ransom almost destroyed this Union Infantry unit.  Osborne was wounded and lost his arm.