Dutch Canal Chesterfield County, VA
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The Civil War in Chesterfield County, VA
County, Virginia is the only county in the Civl War conflict that a
full campaign was fought. It is unique to the Civil War in the
United States. It prolonged the war for two more years.
The first major action of the Civil War in Chesterfield
County took place on May 15, 1862 when a federal flotilla led by the Union
ironclad USS Monitor headed toward Richmond on the James River. The
Federals were turned back after a three hour battle with Confederate guns at
In the spring of 1864, the war again came directly to
Chesterfield County when Union General Benjamin F. Butler landed the Army of
the James on the Bermuda Hundred peninsula. He advanced his
forces and soon confiscated the home of the Reverend John Strachan family at
Point of Rocks. Butler's mission was to secure a base of
operations and then advance on Richmond. During the first days of May,
Butler made tentative advances forward, but then fell back to his defensive
positions at Bermuda Hundred. The Battle of Drewry's Bluff on May 16 halted
Butler's greatest attempt to move on Richmond. As Butler retreated
back to his prepared positions in Bermuda Hundred, the Confederates followed
and began to dig their own set of entrenchments.
fortifications and trenches prevented Butler from making any more
direct threats to Richmond and became known as the Howlett Line.
Confederate and Union troops faced each other across those trenches for the
rest of the war.
Visit the Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia
Bermuda Hundred Campaign
Chesterfield County has 11 park sites associated with the Civil War. Each
of these sites has its own unique story to tell. Collectively, these
�links in a chain� tell the larger story of one of the most important
military campaigns of the war but seldom told. Not all sites are
accessible Some have just been purchased and will soon be available to the
public. There are local historians dedicated to preserving the battle sites
and trenchworwks. If we don't save them today, they will not be available
tomorrow. Your donation for this worthy cause would be greatly appreciated.
War Tour Guide Book: The Bermuda Hundred
Campaign Tour Guide tells about the pivotal role that Chesterfield County
played during the last year of the Civil War, a role often overshadowed by
bigger battles fought at the same time in Virginia. You will not find a
better self tour guide available than this book.
Go here for more information
The Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia
Headquarters and research library has moved into the old historic Trinity
Church . See the
news media information. Please contact us: (804)796-7121.
Hours of Operation: Monday-Friday from 10:00 am until 4:00 pm.